When the Janissary army was established during the reign of Sultan Murad I, the Bork was declared as the military headgear in two different colors ; Red for ordinary soldiers and White for army officers. As the Ottoman state began enlarging through Balkan countries, Christian children were chosen to be recruited in the army after systematic training in 5-8 years that was called “ Devşirme system” in Ottoman empire. The Christian children were collected in some centers when the state needed the soldiers in between 8-16 years of age, sent to the military prep schools in either Gallipoli or Andrionople, in those schools they were classified two main groups ; the clever ones were sent to palace to be educated as the future administrators such as governors & ambassadors, the ordinary ones were given to Turkish families to be trained as Janissaries according to Turkish traditions. As the numbers of the Janissaries were about 12,000 after the conquest of Istanbul, as a necessity and to seperate the officers and soldiers, Bork, Çatal kalafat, Dardağan, Kuka, Serdengeçti and Uskuf headgears were classified again acccording to their ranks & misssion in Ottoman army by Mehmet II. Mehmet II also created the new army troops called as “ Sekbans” to be used in Sultan’s hunting parties as known war games in the history. Bork & Uskuf were used by commanders of army divisions & provincial cities, Catal Kalafat was used by a large of the different arm squads & lower ranks, Dardağan was used by almost the all ordinary Janissaries whom they were brought up by Turkish families. The Janissary with Dardağan was known as ordinary soldier in Ottoman society so dardağan was accepted as the hallmark sign of the Janissaries. Dardağan is a headgear which was made by wrappin a white turban around a thick felt. It did not have a regular savage shape, it was also known as “ Perişani –dispersed “ by Ottoman authorities. This headgear was used as shroud to bury the dead Janissary in battlefields. Dardağan used to have a large and high image. The Janissaries used to find out how to furl dardağan while they were in the military prep schools. Janissaries had to live in hard conditions beacuse of their tasks, in distance places from their barrcaks, in battefields to fight, on the hills and used to have a fear of death always so their headgears reflected their inner moods. The word Perişani-miserable- explains their life of style and their appearence in a clear way.