ANATOLIAN EMIRATES SHRINES AND GRAVESTONES
Anatolian Seljuk state was founded in 1077 and played an important role of Turkzation towards to southern and western coasts of Asia minor a due to greater efficacy of Turcomen tribes placed all over. But Seljuks lost their former power in 1243 at Kosedag war after they were beated by Mongols and this chaos went on till 1308 AD. The Turcomen principalities which have been placed on the borders between Seljuks and Byzantine won their independence in 1308 and they have made a great contribution Anatolian Turkish architectural works and burial systems as well so Turkish emirates era began in the beginning of 14th century AD as a new period throught Anatolia. Anatolian Emirates period has a particular importance in burial traditions and It is a bridge between the Ottoman and Seljuk burial systems. It features Seljuk period lasted one hand and it affects early Ottoman burial systems on the other hand. Many Turkish emirates have been established in different partss of Asia minor as soon as the Seljuk empire was weakend and some of them in western Anatolia created wonderful architectural monuments as well as the burial places such as Kumbets and shrines with unique gravestones. Eşrefogulları emirate is one of the Turkish emirate in which they dominated in Beyşehir region. Eşrefoglu mosque which was built by Eşrefoglu Suleyman beg in 1297-99 AD is considered one of the masterpieces of emirate period in architecture. It has 48 wooden columns supporting the roof and interior part was decorated with Seljuk style tiles. Another important Turkish emirate was known as Aydınogulları in which they ruled Ephesus , Birgi and Tire regions. Isa bey mosue in Ephesus was built by Aydınoglu Mehmet bey in 1312 is another masterpiece of emirate period with its splendid dome. Especially western and southern Anatolian emiartes have built a lot of mosques with kumbets and shrines. The backyards of the mosques in Turkish emirates used to be full of graves and tombs with gravestones. One domed emirates mosques used to have graveyards with gravestones made in Seljuk styles containing Arabic inscriptions with some little additions. The Kumbets and turbes also were built to bury the deaths in and were visited by the local inhabitants. The emirates gravestones were made from local stones and marble and they bear late Seljuk and early Ottoman period features. Eratna emirate is one of the famous Turkish emirates in burial traditions especially in central Anatolian region and they made great kumbets in Nigde, Kırşehir and Kayseri. The kumbets which were made by Eratna are totally diferent than the Seljuks and they have high drums and covered dome features. The Anatolian emirates Kumbets can be seen in central Anatolian region especiall in Niğde and Kayseri and the best emirates gravestones can be seen in western Anatolia such as Tire, Birgi, Selçuk and Milas towns.