THE GREEN TOMB BURIAL CHAMBER & THE SMALL GRAVEYARD
The Green Tomb is one of the masterpieces of Turkish bruial places in Bursa and is one of the best examples of domed shrines in order to show how valuable the shrines are in Ottoman way of life. It was built as tomb for Ottoman Sultan Chalabi Mehmet I by architect Hadji Ivaz Pasha and it became as one of the landmarks of Bursa city which seen all over the city. Chalabi Mehmet I , 5th Ottoman sultan , was the second founder of Ottoman state after Tamerlenk ruined the firts one. He made a great effort to establish Ottoman state and he was buried in this shrine called Yeşil Türbe, Green Tomb, where millions of people visit each year. The shrine was decoreted with wonderful 15th century of green İznik, Nicea tiles. Turkish İznik, Roman Nicea, is an important center both religious and industrial ways. 3rd Ecumenical council, one of the seven councils in Christian church history, was held in Nicea in Byzantine time and some important decisions were made in this meeting. In the beginning of 15th century , The Ottomans opened Iznik tiles workshops and kilns to produce and iznik tiles were used to decorate mosques niches, domed shrines and tombs, the walls of the palaces and so on.
As a matter of fact The Green Toms is a part of the big complex called as Kulliye in Ottoman architectural terminology. If an Ottoman pasha or a Sultan made his decision to order a kulliye to an architect, a lot of buildings would contain in. A mosque in the centre of the kulliye is located and a madrasah, a charity kitchen, an hospital, a small mall with some shops, a caravanserail and some fountains are surrounded with the mosque. This traditional method has been done since the beginning of the 9th century AD by Turkish states and empires. Therefore Ottomans used the same system to create a large attraction centre. The Green Mosque was in the center of Green Complex, A big madrasah , Turkish Islamic Art Museum today, The Green Mosque, just opposite of the tomb, an Arasta, a shopping mall with shops a few yards away from the mosque, a charity kitchen and an hospital around. The visitors also could pay a visit to the graves & gravestones next to the green mosque.
The Green Tombs is a burial place not only the 5th Ottoman sultan , Chalabi Mehmet, is buried but also his three sons Princes Mustafa, Mahmut and Yusuf, his three daughters Seljuk Hatun, Sitti Hatun, Ayşe Hatun and nany Daya Hatun coffins are so there are eight sarcophagus in burial chamber. It has two floors, the burial chamber is downstairs where all the graves are and upstairs is where you see the sarcophagus are. The altar in upstairs is one of the masterpieces of Turkish-Islamic Arts. The Green Tomb has a small graveyard on the right hand side of the entrance where some of high Ottoman officials and scholars in early 15th century were buried. The famous ones are ; Huban Hatun gravestones with Arabic calligraphy dated 1451, Katipzade Mustafa Effendi who was the chronicler’s son of Sultan Chalabi Mehmet, Kulahizade Hacı İbrahim Hakkı Effendi who was one of the famous scholars of that time, Ahmed Aziz pasha with his Kallavi gravestone who was the governor of Hudavendigar and Kocaeli states, Katipzade Zeynel Abidin Effendi who was the clerk of Green Kulliye Foundation and Hasan Can Effendi who was the courtier of Sultan Selim I, the conqueror of Mecca & Medina holy cities and the first caliph of Ottoman Sultans. The Green Tomb is a must in Bursa trip and the first stop of Burial Expedition Tours of Bursa city so anyone who would like to see and to get informed about 15th century Ottoman domed shrines & sarcophagus with gravestones, he should pay a visit both Green Tomb burial chamber and the small graveyard next to it.