MURAD HUDAVENDIGAR SHRINE ON ÇEKIRGE HILL
Murad Hüdavendigar, who reigned in 27 years, was the third sultan of Ottoman state and he made a great effort to enlarge Ottoman state from Bursa to Balcan Countries. He had won about 40 battlefields and he had never been beaten by his enemies. He was noted for as Murad Hudavendigar that means the authority given by Allah and Bursa city was known as the state of Murad I later by Ottomans called as Hudavendigar state. His aim was to make Ottoman state as the most powerful one in his age so he began conquering the Balcan states belonged to Byzantine empire. One of his main goals was to conquer Adrinople, Edirne so he captured in 1363 and Edirne became the second capital of Ottoman Empire. Edirne was the next stop to Constantinople and the next target was to conquer Constantinople which was advised to capture by prophet Mohammed ( peace be upon him ). Sultan Murad also was the founder of famous Janissary army with his grand vizier Çandarlı Kara Halil Pasha. He was martyred in 1389 in Kosovo battlefield by a Serbian slave and internal organs were buried in Kosovo at once. His dead body was taken to Bursa and Murad Hudavendigar domed shrine was built on Çekirge hill and it was buried here. His tomb has become one of the most visited sights both by his successors and the inhabitants of the city & travellers to give a great respect to him.
As an old Turkish-Islamic Art tradition a big complex-kulliye-on Çekirge hill was built with different buildings by Murad Hudavendigar while he was alive between the years 1365 an 1366. The Sultan Murad I mosque is the center of Kulliye with two floors, upstairs was a madrasah and downstairs was a mosque. Next to the mosque a charity kitchen was located where his foundation ruling office is. Murad Hudavendigar Tomb was destroyed in 1855 during the big earthquake and it was rebuilt in 1863 by Sultan Abdülaziz. The domed shrine has a square plan today with seven sarcophagus are buried in. One of his sons Yakup Chalabi, his grandson Suleyman Chalabi, the son of Suleyman Chalabi and Ottoman prince Mehmet. We don’t know three names of three other coffins in burial chamber. The dome has eight columns to support and there are nice decoration on the walls. The shrine was also restored during the reign of Abdulhamid II.
At the entrance of the Murad Hudavendigar a grave called Çekirge Sultan who gave his name on the hill but the gravestone has no written inscription. On the left hand side a beautiful lady tombstone is located. The small graveyard has some gravestones. Fatma hatun tombstone has a written inscription with full information. Fatma Nafia Hatun with a splendid Hotoz hedagear and her footstone contains nice flowers from Heaven. Hasan Ziver Effendi’s cylindric Ustuvani tombstone is work of stone art. Hasane Hanım two tombstones, who was the wife of Ottoman Palace Head chef dated in 1902, the headstone has four-angled stone with full information about her and footstone also has four angles with floral patterns. Murad Hudavendigar Mosque and his shrine is another stop for travellers and Ottoman gravestone lovers.