urgan, also called Tmulus, is a grave type which was made by building up soil on. Kurgan means “ castle “ in Central Asian Turkish dialects that is used to describe masonry burial mounds in the places from Caucasus to Ural mountains by Turkish nations. According to the Shamanism belief in cental Asia, old Turkish had been buried in individual graves with their personal belongings, valuable goods, , horses, utensils, weapons, wives and children. To protect the valubales in the grave and to remark the burial place, it had been surrounded either by stones or build up with earth to make a mound so Kurgan had been done by using this traditional methods. Kurgan is also accepted as the sacred place where the heros & important people were buried. In old Turkish traditions when the Khan died, he was buried in a Kurgan-underground tomb- with his personal belongings, al his valuables, all his treasurse & weapons, his wives, his children, etc and the grave had been build up by earth not to be known the burial place by his enemies. The people whom they buried the khan had also been killed at once not to show the burial place in the future to anybody that we call Tmulus today. This burial system was used for Khans, government officials and heros. Kurgan is dug underground and consists of two or three rooms at least. The corpse is buried with personel belongings & weapons in one room and his wives & children are buried in another room. The dead body chamber is usually made from tree stumps and planks. The head of the body would have turned to the east and are embedded with his personel objects. The dead horses can be found in different rooms of the Kurgan as well. One of the famous Kurgan called as Essik Kurgan which was found around Almatı, the capital city of Kazakhistan, dated back 500 B.C. and the famous Gold Dress Man was found in Essik Kurgan. The most important thing is that the article with 26 letters written on two lines were found on the broken half of a container in the same Essik burial place. This article is considered to be the oldest known writing about a thousand years older than the Yenisei & Orkhon monuments so far. So this excavation proves that Turkish language was used first in 500 B.C. in central Asia. Kazakh historian Prof. Dr. Olcas Süleymanof has read the text as follow ; Tigin passed away at the age of 23. God bless people of Essik “. Essisk Kurgan is the second most valubale tomb in which more than 3000 gold pieces were found. Not only the gold pieces but also ceramic jars, wooden plates, two silver bowls were unearthed during the excavation. Tigin might have been a Turkish prince or king because of his gold dress so he was buried with his golden dress not to be robbed by grave robbers. It was believed that Gold would protect the corpse from robbers according the old Turkish folk beliefs. The Kurgans have been turned into Kumbets-domed shrines-as soon as the Turks accepted Muslim faith and the Turks have made wonderful examples which can be still admired today.