BURSA UFTADE MAUSOLEUM AND THE TOMBSTONES IN GRAVEYARD
Bursa Uftade Mausoleum is located in the district of Hisar and is situated in the left hand –side of Uftade Mosque. It used to be the part of the great complex-kulliye-built for great scholar Sheikh Muhiddin Uftade in 1580 when he died &buried in the graveyards of his lodge building and it was restored in 1869 by the governor of Bursa Rıza Pasha. Uftade, a nickname means rank reduction, is his well-known title among the scholars all over the Ottoman empire. His name was Mehmet Muhiyiddin and was born in Bursa in 1479. His father wanted him to be a silk manufacturer & merchant so he began working in one of the inns in down town but he did not care about to be a silk manufacturer. As soon as his master passed away, he began working in Grand Mosque as the müezzin-azan reciter. He was educated by a great sufi called Hızır Dede in eight years in this mosque. During his work he used to be paid 2 gold coins in a month but one night in his dream Hızır Dede said “ Your rank has been reduced for taking money in your job “. Then he was called as “ Uftade “ till he died. He became one of the famous scholars in a short time and he had built a big complex to train his followers later. He trained the great sufis in his complex and one of them is great Aziz Mahmut Hüdai, was the great mufti for six Ottoman sultans later. He passed away in 1580 as the age of 93 and buried in his lodge building. Mausoleum is square shaped with wooden top but it was replaced by cut stone during the restoration. You can see the written tablet above the entrance giving the information about the shrine. There are nineteen sarcophagus in the tomb and the first one is sheikh Uftade Mehmet Muhiddin, his sons Mustafa and Mehmet, seikh Hayreddin from Bukhara, sheikh Mustafa and fourteen unknown coffins, probabaly his close realtives or sect memebers, are buried in the mausoleum. There two graveyards outside the Uftade shrine with full of gravestones and they were either the sheikh -al-Islam ( head of the religious affair in Ottoman empire ), court judge, representative, mosque hodja, lecturer, orator, janissary, etc as the the rulers & scientists of Bursa city or the descandants of Uftade to be close to him. Some members of the sect and his lovers later centuries wanted to be buried here because of their respect to Uftade. The gravestones have in different forms and shape and most of them are in good condition. The main gravestones which worth visiting and taking the pictures are ; Lutfullah Effendi the descandant of Uftade dated 1767 with turban on top, Osman Aga the Janissary squad commander dated 1778 with Katibi headgear, Seyyid Mohammed Bedreddin Molla the descandant of Uftade dated 1798 with turban, lady Mediha Molla the daughter of Uftade mausoleum tomb guard dated 1847 with a nice looking marble gravestone and Aişe Bedriye hanım the daughter of captain Hadjı Osman dated 1875 excellent marble gravestone with three gold coins on. The visitors should see coffins in mausoleum first inside and then go outside to examine the endangered tombstones.